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Another Czech whose memory is still cherished is Jan Amos Komenský (1592–1670), known outside the country as Comenius.A religious reformer, Comenius also was a scientist and a founder of modern pedagogy and is referred to as the "teacher of nations." As the bishop of a Czech Protestant denomination, he was forced to go into hiding after 1620, when education fell under the control of the Catholic Church.
Northern Moravia includes Silesia ( Slezsko ), a historical region that lies mostly in southwestern Poland.
The Silesians ( Slezané ) of the Czech Republic tend to maintain their ethnic character, but many agree that they constitute a subculture within the Czech culture. The historical and geographic term "Bohemian" is misleading, as it not only excludes Czech-speaking Moravians but includes members of several ethnic minorities that live in Bohemia but do not speak Czech. The origin of the words Čechy (Bohemia ( Čech ([a] Czech) is not clear.
Čechy originally may have referred to a dry place, or it may have been a place-name that eventually gave rise to the name of its inhabitants. Češi or Čechové ) is explained as an abbreviated pet name for a groom (a person responsible for the care of horses, čeledín ), or it might have been someone's name.
Restored and reopened in 1883, it continues to be one of Prague's landmarks.
An inscription on the ornate auditorium, Národ sobě , translates freely as "By the people to the people." A symbol of the Nazi occupation is Lidice, a community in central Bohemia.